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The Orbelian Dynasty shared control with the Zakarids in various parts of the country, especially in Syunik and Vayots Dzor, while the House of Hasan-Jalalyan controlled provinces of Artsakh and Utik as the Kingdom of Artsakh. They are best known for their series of scholarly publications of ancient Armenian versions of otherwise lost ancient Greek texts. In March 1993, Armenia signed the multilateral Chemical Weapons Convention, which calls for the eventual elimination of chemical weapons. De put waarin Gregorius dertien jaar verbleef is nu een pelgrimsplaats. The violent conflict finally concluded with the Treaty of Alexandropol on 2 December 1920. [167] Another seventy specialised secondary institutions had 45,900 students, and 68,400 students were enrolled in a total of ten postsecondary institutions that included universities. There is a Jewish community in Armenia diminished to 750 persons since independence with most emigrants leaving for Israel. The Armenian military was formed after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and with the establishment of the Ministry of Defence in 1992. Vous cherchez la carte Arménie ou le plan Arménie ? The Dashnaks also worked for the wider goal of creating a "free, independent and unified" Armenia, although they sometimes set aside this goal in favour of a more realistic approach, such as advocating autonomy. These classifications may improve when data from 2018, including the period of the velvet revolution and thereafter, is analyzed. [97], As it enters the 21st century, Armenia faces many hardships. This article is about the country. Armenia was annexed by Red Army and along with Georgia and Azerbaijan, it was incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as part of the Transcaucasian SFSR (TSFSR) on 4 March 1922. Cinema in Armenia was born on 16 April 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by a decree of the Soviet Armenian government. The Commander-in-Chief of the military is the Prime Minister of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan. The country used the solar Armenian calendar, which consisted of 12 months. The Ministry of Defence is in charge of political leadership, headed by Davit Tonoyan, while military command remains in the hands of the general staff, headed by the Chief of Staff, who is Lieutenant-General Onik Gasparyan. Human rights in Armenia tend to be better than those in most former Soviet republics and have drawn closer to acceptable standards, especially economically. They received medicine, food, and other provisions from Moscow, and communist rule proved to be a soothing balm in contrast to the turbulent final years of the Ottoman Empire. Niet alleen het Tatev klooster zelf is de moeite waard, maar een bezoek is extra leuk omdat je er met de langste kabelbaan ter wereld naartoe kan gaan. $9.3 million has been invested in the resort town of Tsaghkadzor to improve the winter sports infrastructure because of dismal performances at recent winter sports events. The Hamidian massacres, as they came to be known, gave Hamid international infamy as the "Red Sultan" or "Bloody Sultan".[74]. Er zijn goede redenen ... Al sinds de derde eeuw is Armenie een christelijk land met het gevolg dat alle heidense tempels vernietigd werden en er christelijke kerken en kloosters voor in de plaats kwamen. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and other international financial institutions (IFIs) and foreign countries are extending considerable grants and loans. Op de 5137 meter hoge Ararat zou de Ark van Noach aan land gekomen zijn. After independence, the importance of agriculture in the economy increased markedly, its share at the end of the 1990s rising to more than 30% of GDP and more than 40% of total employment. The chief executive in each of the ten provinces is the marzpet (marz governor), appointed by the government of Armenia. Autumns are known for their vibrant and colourful foliage. [151] The national currency, the dram, suffered hyperinflation for the first years after its introduction in 1993. Armenia participates in the Summer Olympic Games in boxing, wrestling, weightlifting, judo, gymnastics, track and field, diving, swimming and sharp shooting. Michelin Travel Partner traitera votre adresse email afin de gérer votre abonnement à la newsletter ViaMichelin. It houses paintings by many European masters as well. Omdat het middeleeuwse klooster zo goed bewaard gebleven is staat het op de werelderfgoedlijst van Unesco. In 642 werd de eerste kerk gebouwd op de plaats waar Gregorius gevangen zat. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid dynasty of Iran divided Armenia. Een oud Armeens spreekwoord luidt: "Een gast in een cadeau van God." The world average for domestic expenditure on research was 1.7% of GDP in 2013. Soviet relics and souvenirs of recent Russian manufacture – nesting dolls, watches, enamel boxes and so on – are also available at the Vernisage. Jerevan ligt prachtig met op de achtergrond de met sneeuw bedekte Ararat. Creation of a system capable of sustaining the development of science and technology; Development of scientific potential, modernization of scientific infrastructure; Creation of a synergistic system of education, science and innovation; and. Die staan er nu nog waardoor je er overal schoon water afkomstig uit natuurlijke bronnen kan drinken. Armenië is een klein land op de grens van Europa en Azië dat het voor een groot deel van zijn oeroude g [22] Its economy is primarily based on industrial output and mineral extraction. [203], Armenia is also home to a Russian community of Molokans which practice a form of Spiritual Christianity originated from the Russian Orthodox Church. Of note are the Mechitarists (also spelled "Mekhitarists" Armenian: Մխիթարեան), a congregation of Benedictine monks in the Armenian Catholic Church, founded in 1712 by Mekhitar of Sebaste. Armenia is member of Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) along with Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Legislative power is vested in the Azgayin Zhoghov or National Assembly, which is a unicameral parliament. A liberal foreign investment law was approved in June 1994, and a law on privatization was adopted in 1997, as well as a program of state property privatization. Om te beginnen Garni: een voorchristelijke tempel in Hellinistische stijl uit de eerste eeuw. In een straal van 200 kilometer rondom de hoofdstad Jerevan liggen enkele van de oudste kloosters en kerken ter wereld en stuk voor stuk in een schitterend landschap. [167] In 1989 some 58% of Armenians over age fifteen had completed their secondary education, and 14% had a higher education. For other uses, see, "Hayastan" and "Hayasdan" redirect here. [184], Armenian is the only official language. However, the statistical record of research expenditure is incomplete, as expenditure by privately owned business enterprises is not surveyed in Armenia. [94] On 26 December 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist and Armenia's independence was recognised. He had risen to prominence by leading the Karabakh movement for the unification of the Armenian-populated Nagorno-Karabakh. Because the new borders of Armenia were to be drawn by United States President Woodrow Wilson, Ottoman Armenia was also referred to as "Wilsonian Armenia". After the Sasanian period (428–636), Armenia emerged as Arminiya, an autonomous principality under the Umayyad Caliphate, reuniting Armenian lands previously taken by the Byzantine Empire as well. There was even consideration of making Armenia a mandate under the protection of the United States. Archaeological surveys in 2010 and 2011 at the Areni-1 cave complex have resulted in the discovery of the world's earliest known leather shoe, skirt, and wine-producing facility. A literacy rate of 100% was reported as early as 1960. [92] On 23 August 1990, Armenia declared its sovereignty on its territory. The apricot is the national fruit. The conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh has not been resolved. Armenia has had strong economic growth since 1995, building on the turnaround that began the previous year, and inflation has been negligible for the past several years. [167] In 1992 Armenia's largest institution of higher learning, Yerevan State University, had eighteen departments, including ones for social sciences, sciences, and law. Jerevan is een van oudste voortdurend bewoonde steden ter wereld. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with fast flowing rivers, and few forests. Armenia is also an active member of the international sports community, with full membership in the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). The Ministry of Education and Science is responsible for regulation of the sector. From the early 16th century, both Western Armenia and Eastern Armenia fell to the Safavid Empire. Tensions also developed between Soviet Azerbaijan and its autonomous district of Nagorno-Karabakh, a majority-Armenian region. Deze versie van onze website is gericht aan mensen die Nederlands spreken in Nederland. Een van die prachtig gelegen kloosters is Geghard. Couvrant 29 800 kilomètres carrés, elle est l’une des plus petites républiques de l’ex union Soviétique. Armenia Tourism: Tripadvisor has 124,147 reviews of Armenia Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Armenia resource. This style preserved the folk songs and dances of Western Armenia, and many artists also played the contemporary popular songs of Turkey and other Middle Eastern countries from which the Armenians emigrated. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true. Djokaeff and Boghossian won the 1998 FIFA World Cup with France, Andranik Teymourian competed in the 2006 World Cup for Iran and Edgar Manucharyan played in the Dutch Eredivisie for Ajax. Connue par son institut des recherches scientifiques, le Maténadaran, qui conserve plus de 17 mille manuscrits anciens, la ville vaux aussi par ses marchés, boutiques, excellents restaurants, galeries d’art, musées et théâtres. The events of 1915 to 1917 are regarded by Armenians and the vast majority of Western historians to have been state-sponsored mass killings, or genocide. Ed. The Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) was signed on 24 November 2017. Gross enrollment in tertiary education at 44% in 2015 surpassed peer countries of South Caucasus but remained below of the average for Europe and Central Asia. Inscrivez-vous à la Newsletter ViaMichelin. It maintains good relations with the United States especially through its Armenian diaspora. To highlight the level of success of Armenians in the Olympics, Shahinyan was quoted as saying: "Armenian sportsmen had to outdo their opponents by several notches for the shot at being accepted into any Soviet team. Prior to this, during the latter part of the Parthian period, Armenia was a predominantly Zoroastrian country.[63]. 40,000 to 70,000 Armenians still live in Turkey (mostly in and around Istanbul). About 484,000 Armenians lived in Azerbaijan in 1970. Legally speaking, it has the right to be considered as a prospective EU member provided it meets necessary standards and criteria, although officially such a plan does not exist in Brussels. Volgens de legende zou Gregorius koning Tiridates hebben genezen van een ernstige ziekte waarna de koning zich bekeerde tot het Christendom. Despite this, for most of the 20th century and early 21st century, relations remain tense and there are no formal diplomatic relations between the two countries due to Turkey's refusal to establish them for numerous reasons. Out of sub-subindices contributing to Environmental Health subindex ranking on Air Quality to which population is exposed is particularly unsatisfying. Within each province there are communities (hamaynkner, singular hamaynk). Historically, this event coincides with the destruction of Akkad by the Gutian dynasty of Sumer in 2115 BC,[47] a time when Hayk may have left with the "more than 300 members of his household" as told in the legend, and also during the beginning of when a Mesopotamian Dark Age was occurring due to the fall of the Akkadian Empire in 2154 BC which may have acted as a backdrop for the events in the legend making him leave Mesopotamia.[48]. The Byzantine rule was short lived, as in 1071 the Seljuk Empire defeated the Byzantines and conquered Armenia at the Battle of Manzikert, establishing the Seljuk Empire. This move effectively crippled Armenia's economy as 85% of its cargo and goods arrived through rail traffic. [citation needed], Due to its position between two unfriendly neighbours, Armenia has close security ties with Russia. However, the main driver of innovation, the business sector, is not mentioned. Levon Ter-Petrosyan was popularly elected the first President of the newly independent Republic of Armenia on 16 October 1991. [210], Armenia has also been very successful in chess, winning the World Champion in 2011 and the World Chess Olympiad on three occasions.[212]. Following the Battle of Avarayr in 451, Christian Armenians maintained their religion and Armenia gained autonomy. Prior to 1992, Armenians would participate in the Olympics representing the USSR. [68][69] Owing to the century long Turco-Iranian geopolitical rivalry that would last in Western Asia, significant parts of the region were frequently fought over between the two rivalling empires. The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity. [167], In the 1988–89 school year, 301 students per 10,000 population were in specialized secondary or higher education, a figure slightly lower than the Soviet average. The alphabet was invented in AD 405 by Mesrop Mashtots and consists of thirty-nine letters, three of which were added during the Cilician period. Turkish forces under the command of Kazım Karabekir captured Armenian territories that Russia had annexed in the aftermath of the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War and occupied the old city of Alexandropol (present-day Gyumri). For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. In the next centuries, Armenia was in the Persian Empire's sphere of influence during the reign of Tiridates I, the founder of the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia, which itself was a branch of the Parthian Empire. The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great in the 1st century BC and became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in the late 3rd or early 4th century AD. The outbreak of World War I led to confrontation between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire in the Caucasus and Persian Campaigns. In the 2020 report of Index of Economic Freedom by Heritage Foundation, Armenia is classified as "mostly free" and ranks 34th, improving by 13 positions and ahead of all other Eurasian Economic Union countries and many EU countries including Cyprus, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Belgium, Spain, France, Portugal and Italy. [72][73] This period is known as Russian Armenia. Het Sevanavank klooster ten slotte ligt aan de oever van het Sevan meer op 2300 meter hoogte. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. Armenie werd daarmee het eerste officiele christelijke land ter wereld. The economies of both countries have been hurt in the absence of a complete resolution and Armenia's borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan remain closed. It also participates in the Winter Olympic Games in alpine skiing, cross-country skiing and figure skating. Je m'inscris ! Shutdown of the nuclear power plant in 1989 lead to the Armenian energy crisis of 1990s. Armenia is a developing country and ranks 81st on the Human Development Index (2018). It defines the following targets:[166], Although the Strategy clearly pursues a 'science push' approach, with public research institutes serving as the key policy target, it nevertheless mentions the goal of establishing an innovation system. [86][87] With this annexation, the Treaty of Alexandropol was superseded by the Turkish-Soviet Treaty of Kars. In 1931 bijvoorbeeld liep het gebouw zware schade op door een aardbeving. Tips voor een vakantie in Armenië Armenië: een introductie Een vakantie in Armenië beleef je in ‘het land van de kerken’, de eerste plek ter wereld die in de vierde eeuw het christendom omarmde. Simultaneously, the Soviet Eleventh Army, under the command of Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze, invaded Armenia at Karavansarai (present-day Ijevan) on 29 November. "[43], Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the mountains of Ararat. The Constitutional Court made references to the preamble of the protocols underlying three main issues. Several Bronze Age cultures and states flourished in the area of Greater Armenia, including the Trialeti-Vanadzor culture, Hayasa-Azzi, and Mitanni (located in southwestern historical Armenia), all of which are believed to have had Indo-European populations. In 1968 werd eindelijk overgegaan tot de volledige professionele restauratie. Text taken from UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030, 324–26, UNESCO, UNESCO Publishing. The Mongolian invasions were soon followed by those of other Central Asian tribes, such as the Kara Koyunlu, Timurid dynasty and Ağ Qoyunlu, which continued from the 13th century until the 15th century. In May 1990, the New Armenian Army (NAA) was established, serving as a defence force separate from the Soviet Red Army. [41][42] Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Hayastan et de ses environs ? Medieval, Iron Age, Bronze Age and even Stone Age sites are all within a few hours drive from the city. When they began pushing for more rights within the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Abdul Hamid II, in response, organised state-sponsored massacres against the Armenians between 1894 and 1896, resulting in an estimated death toll of 80,000 to 300,000 people. Cilicia's significance in Armenian history and statehood is also attested by the transfer of the seat of the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the spiritual leader of the Armenian people, to the region. Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under the rule of the Ottoman and Persian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries. Some modern researchers have placed it in the same general area of Arme, near modern Samsat,[37] and have suggested it was populated, at least partially, by an early Indo-European-speaking people. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. [96] Since then, Armenia and Azerbaijan have held peace talks, mediated by the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The historian Flavius Josephus also states in his Antiquities of the Jews, "Aram had the Aramites, which the Greeks called Syrians;... Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: this country lies between Palestine and Celesyria. [citation needed] At the time, Russian-controlled Eastern Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan attempted to bond together in the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic. Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, first geographical entity that was called Armenia, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Armenian intellectuals were arrested by Ottoman authorities, International Association of Genocide Scholars, Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic, History of Armenia § Independent Armenia (1991-today), Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement, Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, National Polytechnic University of Armenia, "The ethnic minorities in Armenia. In time, several areas of the Bagratid Armenia separated as independent kingdoms and principalities such as the Kingdom of Vaspurakan ruled by the House of Artsruni in the south, Kingdom of Syunik in the east, or Kingdom of Artsakh on the territory of modern Nagorno-Karabakh, while still recognising the supremacy of the Bagratid kings. A toute de suite ! It was part of the administrative division/emirate Arminiya created by the Arabs, which also included parts of Georgia and Caucasian Albania, and had its centre in the Armenian city, Dvin. In 1918, following the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries declared their independence after the Russian Empire ceased to exist, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia. In de 14e en 15e eeuw was er een belangrijke Armeense universiteit in het klooster gevestigd. Le pays est un plateau élevé, traversé par un massif montagneux et entreco… Soon, life in Armenias SSR began to see rapid improvement. Er is veel Sovjetarchitectuur voor in de plaats gekomen. During the Gorbachev era of the 1980s, with the reforms of Glasnost and Perestroika, Armenians began to demand better environmental care for their country, opposing the pollution that Soviet-built factories brought. Armenians enjoyed a period of relative stability within USSR. Tatev klooster werd gebouwd in de negende eeuw en behoort daarmee tot de oudste kloosters in Armenie. The reemergent Armenian kingdom was ruled by the Bagratuni dynasty and lasted until 1045. The status of Karabakh has yet to be determined. Competitively, Armenia has been successful in chess, weightlifting and wrestling at the international level. It fixes the following targets:[166], Based on this strategy, the accompanying Action Plan was approved by the government in June 2011. The Armenian reform package (1914) was presented as a solution by appointing an inspector general over Armenian issues.[75]. Whilst under Soviet rule, the Armenian classical music composer Aram Khatchaturian became internationally well known for his music, for various ballets and the Sabre Dance from his composition for the ballet Gayane. The main foreign languages that Armenians know are Russian and English. The movement used the treaty as the occasion to declare itself the rightful government of Turkey, replacing the monarchy based in Istanbul with a republic based in Ankara. There are also smaller communities of Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats. Een mix van charmant, modern en bewezen toppers. The 1994 cease-fire in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has also helped the economy. [137], Armenia is classified as "partly free" in the 2019 report (with data from 2018) by Freedom House, which gives it a score of 51 out of 100,[138] which is 6 points ahead of the previous estimate. This federation, however, lasted from only February to May 1918, when all three parties decided to dissolve it. [181] As of 2016[update], there are an estimated 35,000 Yazidis in Armenia.[182]. Ul founded Armenia; and Gather the Bactrians; and Mesa the Mesaneans; it is now called Charax Spasini. The most successful team was the FC Ararat Yerevan team of the 1970s who won the Soviet Cup in 1973 and 1975 and the Soviet Top League in 1973. The war was a success for the Karabakh Armenian forces who managed to capture 16% of Azerbaijan's internationally recognised territory including Nagorno-Karabakh itself. Ne ratez rien des nouveautés et des bons plans pour vos déplacements. As part of the Soviet Union, Armenia was very successful, winning plenty of medals and helping the USSR win the medal standings at the Olympics on numerous occasions. There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about 4000 BC. Obsidian, which is found locally, is crafted into assortment of jewellery and ornamental objects. ", "Armenia Information – Welcome to Armenia", "Despite poverty, Baptists prosper in Armenia", "Armenian Presbyterian Church to Commemorate 1700th Anniversary of Christianity in Armenia with Concert and Khachkar Dedication", The Protection of media freedom in Europe, "Ambassadors in Sport? Across from the Opera House, a popular art market fills another city park on the weekends. [98] Its relations with Europe, the Arab League, and the Commonwealth of Independent States have allowed Armenia to increase trade. In Yerevan, the chief executive is the mayor, elected since 2009. Carte Armenia - Carte et plan détaillé Armenia Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Armenia et de ses environs ? [149], The economy relies heavily on investment and support from Armenians abroad. [88], Armenia was not the scene of any battles in World War II. [95], The Karabakh war ended after a Russian-brokered cease-fire was put in place in 1994. In the early 12th century, Armenian princes of the Zakarid family drove out the Seljuk Turks and established a semi-independent principality in northern and eastern Armenia known as Zakarid Armenia, which lasted under the patronage of the Georgian Kingdom. Armenia is divided into ten provinces (marzer, singular marz), with the city (kaghak) of Yerevan (Երևան) having special administrative status as the country's capital. Als je een inwoner bent van een ander land of andere regio, selecteer de juiste versie van Tripadvisor voor jouw land of regio in het vervolgkeuzemenu. Armenia acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as a non-nuclear weapons state in July 1993. Armenians have their own distinctive alphabet and language. “the mutual recognition of the existing border between the two countries as defined by relevant treaties of international law". At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Armen Nazaryan won the gold in the Men's Greco-Roman Flyweight (52 kg) category and Armen Mkrtchyan won the silver in Men's Freestyle Paperweight (48 kg) category, securing Armenia's first two medals in its Olympic history. Ze nodigen toeristen gemakkelijk uit om te komen eten en doen alles om het hun gasten naar de zin te maken. On 24 April 1915, Armenian intellectuals were arrested by Ottoman authorities and, with the Tehcir Law (29 May 1915), eventually a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia perished in what has become known as the Armenian Genocide. The film was premiered in Cairo on 13 March 1913.[209]. [162], In the 2019 report of Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International Armenia ranked 77 of 179 countries. Armenia lies between latitudes 38° and 42° N, and meridians 43° and 47° E. Armenia has a territorial area of 29,743 square kilometres (11,484 sq mi). [211], The government of Armenia budgets about $2.8 million annually for sports and gives it to the National Committee of Physical Education and Sports, the body that determines which programs should benefit from the funds. During the late 6th century BC, the first geographical entity that was called Armenia by neighbouring populations was established under the Orontid Dynasty within the Achaemenid Empire, as part of the latters' territories. Clarendon Press", "Charles, R.H. (1913). [170] However public spendings per student in tertiary education in GDP-ratio terms is one of the lowest for post-USSR countries (for which data was available). Je leest het op anwb.nl. Archaeological surveys in 2010 and 2011 at the Areni-1 cave complex have resulted in the discovery of the world's earliest known leather shoe,[44] skirt,[45] and wine-producing facility. [108] This suggests that main environmental issues in Armenia are with population health, while environment vitality is of lesser concern. However, as Christians under a strict Muslim social structure, Armenians faced pervasive discrimination. [116], On 10 October 2009, Armenia and Turkey signed protocols on the normalisation of relations, which set a timetable for restoring diplomatic ties and reopening their joint border. The Armenian information technology sector has been particularly active: a number of public–private partnerships have been established between companies and universities, in order to give students marketable skills and generate innovative ideas at the interface of science and business. The republic had developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics in exchange for raw materials and energy. By 4 December, Ordzhonikidze's forces entered Yerevan and the short-lived Armenian republic collapsed. Like other newly independent states of the former Soviet Union, Armenia's economy suffers from the breakdown of former Soviet trading patterns. Schools engage a 10-grade mark system. Yerevan Vernissage (arts and crafts market), close to Republic Square, bustles with hundreds of vendors selling a variety of crafts on weekends and Wednesdays (though the selection is much reduced mid-week). Jerevan is een mix van oost en west, van antiek en modern en van eeuwenoude tradities en de nieuwste mode. Its strategic location between two continents has subjected it to invasions by many peoples, including Assyria (under Ashurbanipal, at around 669–627 BC, the boundaries of Assyria reached as far as Armenia and the Caucasus Mountains),[59] Medes, Achaemenid Empire, Greeks, Parthians, Romans, Sasanian Empire, Byzantine Empire, Arabs, Seljuk Empire, Mongols, Ottoman Empire, the successive Safavid, Afsharid, and Qajar dynasties of Iran, and the Russians.

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